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Basics of nutrition

This section is designed for consumers who want to find out more about the basics of nutrition.

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What is energy?

We all need energy to grow, stay alive, keep warm and be active. Energy is provided by the carbohydrate, protein and fat in the food and drinks we...

What are nutrients?

Food provides a range of different nutrients. Some nutrients provide energy, while others are essential for growth and maintenance of the body. ...

Good fats and bad fats explained

What is fat? Fat is a rich source of energy; 1 gram provides 37 kJ (9 kcal). Fat is made up of building blocks called fatty acids and these are...

Starchy foods (carbs)

Starchy foods are often referred to as 'carbs' (although this is actually short for 'carbohydrates', which includes sugars and starch, which are...

Dietary fibre

What is dietary fibre? There are many different types of fibre, but there are two main groups, soluble and insoluble. Each group helps your body in...