Key points

  • Cancer occurs when particular types of abnormal cells develop and are allowed to replicate. It can occur in almost any part of the body.
  • A wide variety of factors are involved in the development of cancer. Some are related to genetic and hormonal factors, while others are related to lifestyle and diet.
  • To reduce the risk of cancer it is advisable to maintain a healthy bodyweight and be physically active. It is also important to eat a balanced diet based on plant foods including plenty of fruit and vegetables. Alcohol consumption should be limited, and red and processed meats consumed in smaller amounts.
  • Obesity is a risk factor for several cancers, so when aiming to reduce cancer risk, it is important to consider factors that increase the risk of obesity such as physical inactivity and frequent consumption of energy dense foods.


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