Nutrients

This section is for people who want to find out about the science of nutrients and what they do in the body. It will be helpful for those studying or working in the field of nutrition and health and also those who would like more detail on nutrition science.

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Nutrient requirements

Key points Dietary Reference Values (DRVs) comprise a series of estimates of the amount of energy and nutrients needed by different groups of...

Carbohydrate

Key points The two types of carbohydrate that provide dietary energy are sugars and starch. 1 gram provides 3.75 kcal (16 kJ) Dietary fibre is...

Protein

Key points Protein is essential for growth and repair of the body and maintenance of good health. Protein also provides energy; 1 gram...

Fat

Key points Fat is made up of different types of fatty acids, some of which are essential for health in small amounts. Fatty acids are usually...

Dietary fibre

Key points Dietary fibre is found in cereal foods, including bread, beans, lentils, fruit & vegetables It cannot be broken down by...

Vitamins

Key points Vitamins are nutrients required by the body in small amounts, for a variety of essential processes. Most vitamins cannot be made...

Minerals and trace elements

 Key points  Minerals are inorganic substances required by the body in small amounts for a variety of different functions. Minerals are involved in...

Liquids

Key points Water is the most abundant constituent of the human body and regular fluid intake is essential for our bodies to function properly.The...

Dehydration in the elderly

Water Water everywhere...but dehydration still a problem in our elderly To show our support for Nutrition and Hydration week 2014, BNF have produced...

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