In this article, you will find information for the general public who are interested in knowing about healthy eating and fruit and vegetables in the diet.

We will cover:


Key Messages:

  • Aim to have at least 5 portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables each day.
  • Fruit and vegetables should make up around one third of what we eat each day. They are a very important part of a healthy, balanced diet, as they are good sources of fibre, as well as having lots of essential vitamins and minerals.
  • Eating lots of fruit and vegetables can help you maintain a healthy weight as they are naturally low in calories and fat (as long as they aren’t roasted or fried in lots of butter or oil), and evidence does suggest that having your 5 A DAY could reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, some types of cancer and obesity.
  • Variety is important! Different types and colours of fruits and vegetables contain different combinations of important nutrients, like fibre and vitamins, which our bodies need to stay healthy. So, to get the most nutritional benefit out of your 5 A DAY, try to have a wide variety of fruits and vegetables from each of the colour groups – green, yellow, red, purple, orange and white!


Why eat these foods?
Different fruit and vegetables contain:

  • Vitamin C - important for maintaining healthy body tissues.     
  • Vitamin A - important for maintenance of normal vision, skin and the immune system.  
  • Folate - important for normal and healthy blood formation.  
  • Fibre – helps to maintain a healthy gut.
  • Potassium – helps to maintain a healthy blood pressure and is also important for the normal functioning of the nervous system.

Why not read a bit more about fibre, vitamins and minerals, and why they are important for our health.

Are we having enough fruit and vegetables?

Most people know that they should be eating more fruit and vegetables; however lots of us currently aren’t eating enough. On average, no age group in the UK gets their 5 A DAY.

Did you know?
Only 8% of children aged 11-18 years meet the 5 A DAY recommendation!


Next page: What counts as part of this food group?


FileFile size
Download this file (5 A DAY chart .pdf)5 A DAY chart820 kB
Download this file (Fruit and veg resource_2020.pdf)Fruit and vegetable resource645 kB