In this article, you will find information on the following:

Page 2 - What happens during the menopause?
Page 3 - Healthy eating and the menopause
Page 4 - Lifestyle factors and the menopause

 Key messages

  • Women usually go through the menopause in their 40s or 50s
  • The fall in levels of the hormone oestrogen during the menopause can cause a variety of symptoms that usually last for about 4 years
  • After the menopause, the long-term effects of lower oestrogen levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (i.e. heart disease and strokes) and osteoporosis (thinning of the bones which increases the risk of breakage)
  • Getting enough calcium and vitamin D can help to prevent osteoporosis
  • Cutting down on saturated fat and replacing it with unsaturated fats; reducing salt intake; regularly consuming fish, including oily fish; eating high fibre and wholegrain foods; and maintaining a healthy bodyweight can benefit heart health
  • Smoking and drinking alcohol can increase the likelihood of some menopause symptoms and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis
  • Physical activity can help to manage some menopause symptoms and decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease and osteporosis