Below are comments from the British Nutrition Foundation on the article: Saturated fat does not clog the arteries: coronary heart disease is a chronic inflammatory condition, the risk of which can be effectively reduced from healthy lifestyle interventions, published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. These can be attributed to Bridget Benelam, Nutrition Communications Manager, British Nutrition Foundation.
As an editorial, this article is an opinion piece and has not looked at the extensive evidence on effects of saturated fats on cardiovascular health. Rather it includes selected studies without details of the basis on which these were chosen.
Contrary to the statements made in the article, there is substantial evidence from epidemiological and clinical studies to show that diets high in saturated fat can increase LDL (bad) cholesterol and that high levels of LDL cholesterol can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
There is also evidence from clinical trials that replacing saturated with unsaturated fatty acids can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
While the authors initially refute the fact that we need to reduce intakes of saturated fat they then go on to highlight the benefits of the Mediterranean diet, which is intrinsically low in saturated fat. People who follow the Mediterranean diet typically eat less saturated fat than average. This apparent contradiction in the article is not explained.
The title of the article suggests that current public health advice on saturated fat is wrong, but the conclusions of the editorial to eat healthy diet including foods like unsaturated oils, nuts and oily fish and take regular physical activity are actually completely consistent with current government advice on healthy lifestyles.
Further comment or interviews on the article or this area of science can be provided if needed and a more in depth analysis of the article is available here