In March 2006 BNF published a new Briefing Paper on Nutrition in pregnancy.
The paper begins by looking at the physiological changes that occur to the body during pregnancy, followed by factors associated with birth weight and the fetal origins of disease hypothesis. The next few chapters consider some nutritional issues associated with pregnancy such as essential fatty acids, pre-pregnancy nutrition, nutritional requirements and food safety.
The paper looks at diet-related conditions that are experienced during pregnancy; these include nausea and vomitting, changes in taste and appetite, constipation, anaemia, gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders.
Finally, the paper considers the issues that occur for specific groups during pregnancy; these groups include vegetarians, vegans, teenage pregnancy and dieting during pregnancy.
For more information, the paper and summary are attached below.