In June 2005 BNF published a new Briefing Paper on Vegetarian nutrition.
The paper begins by introducing the trends of vegetarianism in the UK; looking at different types of vegetarian diets. Chapter 3 on vegetarian nutrition considers energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, alcohol and micronutrients. There is also a table of the mean daily nutrient intakes of four different types of diet including meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans. Vegetarian diets through the life cycle are considered, looking at infancy, adolescence, pregnancy and lactation, athletes and elderly people.
Finally, the evidence for health implications in relation to a vegetarian diet; including mortality rates, cardiovascular disease, cancer and osteoporosis, is reviewed in some detail.
For more information, the paper and summary are attached below.