Chicken and cheese in your 5 A DAY - British Nutrition Foundation survey reveals widespread confusion about healthy eating
13 June 2022
Launching Healthy Eating Week today, findings from a new survey, conducted by the British Nutrition Foundation, reveals widespread confusion among people of all ages, including adults* and children**, about which foods do and do not count towards your 5 A DAY or provide certain nutrients, including fibre and protein.
The survey suggests that nearly a quarter (24 percent) of primary schoolchildren (aged 7-11 years) and 17 percent of older children (11-16 years) think that chicken counts towards your 5-A-DAY, while nearly a fifth (19 percent) of primary school children think that cheese can be one of your 5 A DAY.
Only 38 percent of all British adults and 23 percent of older children know that carrots contain fibre, while only 60 percent of secondary schoolchildren and 36 percent of primary schoolchildren believe that wholemeal bread is a source of fibre. Nearly a quarter (24 percent) of all schoolchildren think that chicken is a source of fibre, although it provides no fibre at all.
79 percent of adults, 91 percent of secondary schoolchildren and 70 percent of primary schoolchildren correctly say that chicken provides protein but only half of all adults, 46 percent of older children and 29 percent of younger children think that chickpeas are a source of protein. This is despite the fact that canned chickpeas are a rich source of protein, with an average adult portion providing around a fifth of the average adult’s recommended intake per day (45g for females and 56g for males).
The survey also shows that many people do not currently eat, or have never tried, a range of plant foods, such as beans, peas and lentils, which provide essential nutrients like protein and fibre. One third of adults and more than half (55 percent) of schoolchildren reported that they have never tried lentils, one third of adults and 46 percent of schoolchildren have never tried chickpeas and over a quarter (28 percent) of adults and 48 percent of children have never tried kidney beans.
Sara Stanner, Science Director at British Nutrition Foundation comments: “Government advice is for us all to eat more plant-based foods because they’re good for us and for the environment. It is concerning that there is confusion across the UK about the nutritional contents of some common foods, including plant-based foods. Lack of knowledge means people are less empowered to make informed choices, and achieving a healthy diet, with a good balance of the right types of foods, is more difficult if you don’t know which key nutrients the foods that we eat provide.”
The survey findings also reveal a mixed picture when it comes to how people most commonly manage their food waste. A quarter of all adults say that they put their food waste in the general waste bin, with only 17 percent using a compost bin, and 27 percent freezing left over food to eat at a later date. Nearly a third (32 percent) of adults say that they use ‘what they can’ of unused foods, cutting off mouldy bits and eating the remainder, while 30 percent say that they look for a recipe to help use leftovers up.
Now in its 10th year, the British Nutrition Foundation’s Healthy Eating Week, taking place 13 - 17 June 2022, will see millions of adults and children participating in a series of daily challenges linked to the theme ‘Eat well for you and the planet’, which aims to raise awareness about healthier and more sustainable diets and empower people to make positive changes.
Sara Stanner continues: “From varying our protein sources, to increasing our fibre intake, to reducing food waste, there’s a wide range of ways people in the UK can adjust their eating habits for the benefit of themselves and the planet. But why is healthy eating so important?
“If we think about fibre, eating plenty as part of a healthy, balanced diet is linked to a lower risk of heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and bowel cancer, and choosing fibre-rich foods may also help you to feel fuller for longer, which can help support weight management. Most people in the UK do not get enough fibre - adults are recommended to have 30g of fibre each day, but we are currently only eating 19.7g on average.
“Pulses, such as chickpeas, kidney beans and lentils, are all great sources of fibre and provide protein. They also have a low environmental impact and are relatively cheap to buy and cook. One portion of pulses even counts towards your 5 A DAY, yet their nutritional value is often underestimated and many people do not even think to eat them. This Healthy Eating Week, we hope participants will be able to get involved in our challenges, learn something new about healthier and more sustainable eating and develop new ways to improve their diets.”
The challenges people across the UK will be undertaking this week as part of the British Nutrition Foundation’s Healthy Eating Week, include: Focus on fibre – for meals and snacks; Get at least 5 A DAY - put plenty on your plate; Stay hydrated - fill up from the tap; Vary your protein – be more creative; and Reduce food waste - know your portions.
The British Nutrition Foundation’s Healthy Eating Week materials have been designed so that the initiative can be continued all year round. Visit https://www.nutrition.org.uk/healthy-eating-week/ to find out more.
Notes to editors
For more information, interviews and images please contact the British Nutrition Foundation Press Office on email@example.com / 01223 421831
*All figures from the adult survey, unless otherwise stated, are from YouGov Plc. Total sample size was 2099 adults. Fieldwork was undertaken between 11th - 12th May 2022. The survey was carried out online. The figures have been weighted and are representative of all GB adults
**The school survey was conducted among 1,590 primary pupils (age 7 upward) and 2,415 secondary pupils. Full survey results available upon request.
Schools were invited to participate in the British Nutrition Foundation Healthy Eating Week research when they registered for the Week. The school surveys were undertaken in school under the supervision of the teacher.
The survey was online and questions were multiple-choice. Not all questions were completed by all children and young people – however, the number of responses for each question was recorded. No identifying personal data about individual respondents was collected – all data were anonymous. The survey ran between 28th April – 17th May 2022.
About the British Nutrition Foundation
Connecting people, food and science for better nutrition and healthier lives
The British Nutrition Foundation, a registered charity, delivers impartial, authoritative and evidence-based information on food and nutrition. Its core purpose is translating evidence-based nutrition science in engaging and actionable ways, working with an extensive network of contacts across academia, health care, education, communication and the food chain. A core strength of the Foundation is its governance structure (described in the Articles of Association), which comprises a Board of Trustees, Advisory Committee, Scientific Committee, Editorial Advisory Board, Education Working Groups and a Nominations Committee, on which serve senior/experienced individuals from many walks of life. The composition is deliberately weighted towards the scientific ‘academic’ community, based in universities and research institutes, and those from education, finance, media, communications and HR backgrounds.
The British Nutrition Foundation’s funding comes from: membership subscriptions; donations and project grants from food producers and manufacturers, retailers and food service companies; contracts with government departments; conferences, publications and training; overseas projects; funding from grant providing bodies, trusts and other charities. The British Nutrition Foundation is not a lobbying organisation nor does it endorse any products or engage in food advertising campaigns.
More details about the British Nutrition Foundation’s work, funding and governance can be found at: https://www.nutrition.org.uk/our-work/who-we-are/.
The British Nutrition Foundation’s Healthy Eating Week 2022 is supported by Tesco, Quorn Foods, Sodexo, AB Mauri UK & Ireland, Agriculture & Horticulture Development Board (AHDB), FDF Action on Fibre, General Mills, innocent drinks, Marks and Spencer plc, UK Flour Millers and Waitrose & Partners.
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